Selected Publications

More than 200 articles in WoS registered journals and up to dozens of chapters in monographs or monographs are published by the authors from the IB every year. Here, we present only a selection of some interesting results.

20222021 l 2020 l 2019 l 2018 l 2017 l 2016 l 2015 l 2014 l 2013 l 2012 2011 2010 | 2009 l 20082007 | 2006 | 2001-2005



1/ Plant community stability is associated with a decoupling of prokaryote and fungal soil networks

Soil microbiota plays a crucial role in maintaining plant community stability. We found that plant communities on former agricultural soil promoted destabilising properties and were associated with coupled prokaryote and fungal soil networks. Conversely, plant communities on natural grassland soil exhibited high stability, associated with decoupled prokaryote and fungal soil networks. Therefore, plant community stability is associated with the decoupling of prokaryote and fungal soil networks.

  • in ‘t Zandt D., Kolaříková Z., Cajthaml T. & Münzbergová Z. 2023: Plant community stability is associated with a decoupling of prokaryote and fungal soil networks. Nature Communications 14, 1-14,

Srovnání struktury mikrobiálních sítí ve stabilních a nestabilních systémech

Conceptual framework reconciling the decoupling of prokaryote and fungal responses in buffering the propagation of local perturbation effects resulting in stable and unstable communities.


2/ Small genome size supports the naturalization of plants but constrains their invasive spread

By testing the effects of genome size and ploidy levels on plant naturalization and invasion, using ~11,000 species, we found that large genome constrains naturalization but favours invasion. A small genome is an advantage during naturalization, being linked to traits favouring adaptation to local conditions, but for invasive spread, traits associated with a large holoploid genome, where the impact of polyploidy may act, facilitate long-distance dispersal and competition with other species.

  • Pyšek P., Lučanová M., Dawson W., Essl F., Kreft H., Leitch I., Lenzner B.., Meyerson L. A., Pergl J., van Kleunen M., Weigelt P., Winter M. & Guo W.-Y. 2023: Small genome size and variation in ploidy levels support the naturalization of vascular plants but constrain their invasive spread. New Phytologist 239, 2389 – 2403. doi:10.1111/NPH.19135

Úspěšnost naturalizace nepůvodních rostlin klesá s velikostí jejich genomu (b), pro úspěšnou invazi (c) je však malý genom nevýhodný a pravděpodobnost invaze se zvyšuje s rostoucí velikostí genomu

Small genome supports successful naturalization but constrains invasion where plants with large genome are most successful.


3/Hormonal imbalance is behind the advantageous but rare ability of root sprouting

Root sprouting is an advantageous but rare ability allowing clonal growth and regeneration after injury, even after fragmentation of the root system. This ability is typical of perennial weeds of arable land. In experiments with pairs of related plants differing in this ability, we confirmed the hypothesis that root sprouting species have a lower ratio of auxin to cytokinin than their relatives. However, most plants avoid this low ratio in order to avoid the risk of developmental deformations.

  • Martínková J., Klimeš A., Motyka V., Adamec L., Dobrev P. I., Filepová R., Gaudinová A., Lacek J., Marešová I. & Klimešová J. 2023: Why is root sprouting not more common among plants? Phytohormonal clues and ecological correlates. Environmental and Experimental Botany 205, 1 – 11. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2022.105147
  • Martínková J., Motyka V., Bitomský M., Adamec L., Dobrev P. I., Filartiga A., Filepová R., Gaudinová A., Lacek J. & Klimešová J. 2023: What determines root-sprouting ability: Injury or phytohormones? American Journal of Botany 110, 1 – 12. doi:10.1002/ajb2.16102

Příbuzné rostliny lišící se schopností odnožovat z kořenů po narušení

Related plants differing in their ability to resprout from roots after disturbance. Above, a plant capable of branching from the roots, and below, a plant without this ability. A, D – plants before disturbance; B, E – plants in which the above-ground biomass was removed; C, F – plants regenerating after disturbance.



Evolution of the plant body in relation to drought

Natural selection by drought led plant vascular form to diversify in early evolution, as plants grew larger and spread on dry land. Network analysis of the conducting tissues of living, fossil, and idealised plants shows that drought acts to increase vascular complexity with plant size. This major reinterpretation of a key episode in plant evolution also answers the hundred-year-old question of their vascular complexity. It may find applications in breeding resistant crops.

  • Bouda, M. Huggett, K. Prats, J. Wason, J. Wilson, C. Brodersen. (2022) Hydraulic failure as a primary driver of xylem network evolution in early vascular plants. Science. 378(6620): 642-646. doi: 10.1126/science.add2910

Fossilised stem of Dernbachia brasiliensis, a tree fern of the Permian (250-300 million years ago). Water-conducting tissue highlighted in blue. [© Ludwig Luthardt, Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin. CC-BY licence.]



Handbook of Trait-Based Ecology